Eucharist and the Missional Church

I’ve  been thinking about the Eucharist a lot lately. Part of the vision of the Upper Room is that we’ll be a sacramental community, and so we celebrate the Eucharist weekly. This is the first time I’ve ever been in a community that does this every Sunday. It’s taken awhile, but after several months of breaking bread and sharing the cup each week, God’s given me the eyes of faith to see Christ’s presence in the supper more clearly. I’ve found that celebrating the Lord’s Supper every week has become integral to my spiritual formation. I remember a few weeks back, it was a Wednesday or Thursday night and I found myself thinking, “I really want to be at the Lord’s table right now.” I wanted to be breaking bread and sharing the cup with my brothers and sisters in Christ. I was desiring Christ’s presence. Yet, it was still only Wednesday or Thursday, so (I thought) I had to wait.What brought me some sense of closure in this was a week or two later in the Lesslie Newbigin class I’m taking at PTS. In one article (or possibly a speech), Newbigin lists seven paradoxes about Christ and his relationship with the Church and world. The seventh paradox is that Christ is the final judge of the world who will come again, and yet also Christ remains hidden in the world, to the point that even the Church often doesn’t see him. And so, Newbigin explains, we need to seek Christ out in the world. Jesus said in the gospels that whatever you do to the least of these my brothers and sisters, you do also to me.

I heard this, and I immediately thought to myself, “And that is why the Lord’s Supper is so important.” Celebrating the Eucharist trains us in knowing what it feels like to be in the presence of Christ. So, when we leave the church building after we’ve been in Christ’s presence at the Lord’s table, we can go out seeking Christ’s presence elsewhere. The same Christ who is present in the Eucharist is the same Christ who is present in the hungry beggar asking for food, or the thirsty person asking for a drink, or the lonely prisoner waiting for a visitor, or the lonely elderly person “imprisoned” in a nursing home, or in the homeless person looking for shelter. When I found myself desiring to be at the Lord’s Table midweek, God was calling me to seek Christ’s presence in those places.

As “missional” continues to become more and more of a buzzword in the church, and as (hopefully) more and more churches begin to think about what it means to be a community that exists for the redemption of the whole world, I’m convinced that the Eucharist needs to be a central theme of the missional church’s worship. Being missional isn’t merely about doing charitable acts or making converts. It’s about recognizing that Christ is out in the world, hidden among the lost, the downtrodden, the oppressed, and the outcast. It ought to be the church’s desire, and joy, to seek out Christ’s presence in those places, and the Eucharist prepares us for just that.

How Presbyterian Should Presbyterian Campus Ministry Be?

Our moderator, Bruce Reyes Chow, has encouraged us Presbyterian bloggers to participate in a monthly “Presbyterian Bloggers Unite.” This month, the focus is campus ministry.

I’ve been involved with campus ministry in some form or another for 7 of the past 8 years. After four years at a Presbyterian college where I was involved in a few different campus ministries. Then I went to Pittsburgh Seminary for three years and in two of those three years I worked part-time for a Korean immigrant church, heading up their campus ministry at Carnegie Mellon University. Now, I work half time as a Presbyterian church planter and three quarter time as a campus minister to grad students and faculty at Carnegie Mellon and Pitt through InterVarsity Christian Fellowship.

As I reflect on these experiences in campus ministry for Presbyterian Blogger day, what I find most interesting is that my experiences in campus ministry have been the “least Presbyterian” of all my experiences in ministry. Grove City is a Presbyterian college, yet my time there actually did more to expose me to alternative Christian traditions than it did reaffirm my “Presbyterianism.” My experiences at Grove City included my first exposures to charismatic worship, to parachurch organizations, and to people who didn’t think my baptism as an infant was an actual baptism. When I worked for the Korean church, which was Presbyterian, very few of the students were actually Presbyterian; many came from backgrounds in the Assembly of God or “non-denominational” churches. And the ones who were Presbyterian usually didn’t care to identify themselves that way. And now I’m working for InterVarsity, a national parachurch ministry whose staffworkers include Presbyterians, Anglicans, Methodists, Baptists and a multitude of other Christian backgrounds.

The significance of this is that most college students could care less about their denominational identity. College students don’t care about growing as a Presbyterian (or whatever denomination they come from). They want to grow in the core of the Christian faith: a life of walking with Jesus as his follower and disciple and in maintaining community with his body, the Church universal.

The problem is most Presbyterian congregations that I’ve seen are more concerned with keeping their college students Presbyterian, or worse, keeping their youth as members of their congregation when they leave for college. I’ve heard members of many Presbyterian churches complain that when their young people leave for college, they rarely come back. So, these churches will respond by doing what they can to keep college students connected to their congregation. One of their students will travel across the country to go to college, and the church will get their new address to send them church newsletters. Really ambitious churches will send care packages and cards. These are all fine ministries, but these things don’t provide students with what they really need and want: opportunities to grow and walk with Jesus in their new context on campus.

It’s in light of all this that I’ve realized the importance of parachurch campus ministries like InterVarsity.

I’ve only been working for InterVarsity for a short time, so a big chunk of my work at this point is raising my support. I’ve talked with a lot of leaders, pastors, and mission committees from a lot of congregations. I expected the churches near the university campuses to be the most interested in partnering with me. Ironically, they’ve been the least interested; they already have their own campus ministers working out of their church building. The churches who have shown the most enthusiastic support in partnership with me have been congregations further from campuses. These churches can’t hire their own ministers for college students; it’s not financially feasible and they simply aren’t located near any campus. But, supporting me, even in small amounts, gives them an investment in campus ministry. My ministry is now their ministry too.

On top of that, they’re not only partnered with me, I’m also partnered with them. I join them in wanting to see their students stay connected as they go into college. But, I want to see them do it by growing in their own context. As a staff worker for InterVarsity, I’m connected to campus ministers all across the country. As my partner churches send off their high school graduates to universities all across the country each fall, I’ll be contacting the campus ministers at each of those campuses with the names of those incoming freshmen. These campus ministers may or may not be Presbyterian, and the students may or may not be Presbyterian by the time they graduate from college, but they’re considerably more likely to still be a follower of Jesus when they leave.

The future of Presbyterian campus ministry has to include a lessening of distinct denominational identity. At the congregational level, it needs to include a desire to see students continue in walks with Jesus regardless of whether they continue in membership. Successful campus ministry has to be approached in light of the work of the larger Body of Christ on earth.